ORGANIC PECAN AND FRUIT TREE PROGRAM



Howard Garrett



Pecan trees and fruit trees can be grown organically and no you don't have to spray toxic pesticides. Plant adapted small-nutted varieties like Caddo, Kanza, and the native pecans. Plant the trees in wide, rough sided holes, backfill with soil from hole (no amendments), settle the soil with water (no tamping), add a 1" layer of lava sand and compost mix, finish with a 3"-5" layer of coarse textured native cedar mulch. Do not stake, wrap trunk, or cut back the top. Those who say to dig a small round hole are deficient. Mechanical aeration of the root zone of existing trees is beneficial, but tilling, disking or plowing destroys feeder roots and should never be done. Pecans should never have bare soil. The root zone should always be covered with mulches and/or native grasses and legumes.



FERTILIZING PROGRAM FOR PECANS AND FRUIT TREES



Round #1 February 1-15 - organic fertilizer @ 20 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. (i.e. Garden-Ville, GreenSense, Bioform Dry, MaestroGro, Sustane or natural meals. Lava sand at 80 lbs./1,000 sq. ft., and Wheat bran/Cornmeal Soil Amendment at 50 lbs./1,000 sq. ft.

Round #2 June 1-15 - organic fertilizer @ 10 lbs./1,000 sq. ft and Texas greensand @ 40-80 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. or soft rock phosphate at the same rate if in acid soils.

Round #3 September 15-30 - organic fertilizer @ 10 lbs./1,000 sq. ft., and sul-po-mag @ 20 lbs./1,000 sq. ft.

Note: Once soil health has been achieved, round #3 can be omitted..



Large scale pecan orchards can use livestock manure or compost at 1-2 tons/acre per year along with establishing green manure cover crops. Lava sand and other rock powders can be applied any time of the year.



Foliar Feed with Garrett Juice twice monthly



PEST CONTROL PROGRAM - Add the following to Garrett Juice and spray as needed



Garlic tea 1/4 cup/gallon or label directions

Citrus oil, orange oil, or d-limonene 1 ounce/gallon of water as a spray, 2 ounces/gallon of water as a drench.

Potassium bicarbonate 1 rounded tablespoon/gallon - for diseases.

Liquid biostimulants Use per label - Agrispon, AgriGro, Medina, Bio-Innoculant or similar product.

Neem Use per label directions for serious pest problems.

Fish emulsion 1-2 ounces/gallon for additional nutrient (may not be needed when using compost tea)



SPRAY SCHEDULE



1st spraying at pink bud The first two sprayings should contain Garrett Juice and garlic tea. Use

2nd spraying after flowers have fallen additional sprayings as time and budget allow. For best results spray every two

3rd spraying about June 15th weeks, but at least once a month.

4th spraying last week in August



INSECT RELEASE



Trichogramma wasps Weekly releases of 10,000 - 20,000 eggs per acre or residential lot starting at bud break for 3 weeks.

Green lacewings Release at 4,000 eggs per acre or residential lot weekly for one month.

Ladybugs Release 1,500 - 2,000 adult beetles per 1,000 sq. ft. at the first sign of shiny honeydew on foliage.



Very little pruning is needed or recommended. Maintain cover crops and/or natural mulch under the trees year round. Never cultivate the soil under pecan and fruit trees.



HOWARD GARRETT ON WBAP

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Weekday Commentary During "Hello Texas"-12:50

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